Maps in The National Archives UK

 

Inclesmore, Snaith Manor, Thorne, Yorkshire, temp Henry VII or earlier. MPC 1-56.

Inclesmore, Snaith Manor, Thorne, Yorkshire, temp Henry VII or earlier. MPC 1-56.

The National Archives is the official archive for England, Wales and the central UK government, containing 1,000 years of history from Domesday Book to the present, with records ranging from parchment and paper scrolls through to recently created digital files and archived websites. Increasingly, these records are being put online, making them universally accessible. The National Archives has also, one of the world’s richest holdings of historical mapping. There are believed to be more than six million maps and plans, with more added every year. Ranging from the fourteenth century to the modern day, most date from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries. The British Isles and places all round the globe are represented. This section includes different documents:

 1) Maps for family and local history: Maps in The National Archives were used for central government purposes and only a small proportion have peoples’ names upon them. However there are many maps of interest to family and local historians. It includes: The Tithe Survey, Valuation Office Survey, National Farm Survey, Enclosure maps and Ordnance Survey.

2) Military and overseas maps: i) Military maps: The National Archives has important holdings of military maps and fortification plans. They illustrate military and naval battles and operations from Tudor times, through Trafalgar and Waterloo, to the D-Day landings and the Korean War. ii) Sea charts: The National Archives holds many charts, views and surveys made by naval officers (including Captains Grenvill Collins, Cook, Vancouver, Bligh and Nelson) and many plans of dockyards and naval defences. These date from a fourteenth century portolan chart of the Mediterranean, and show waters at home and overseas. iii) Overseas: The National Archives holds many maps of places overseas. These include countries which have at one time been British colonies or protectorates, and also areas in which Britain has had a commercial or strategic interest or where there have been diplomatic or military concerns. Maps record exploration, colonisation, and the practicalities of running a global empire. iv) International Boundaries: The National Archives holds maps, surveys and other records relating to international boundaries, principally for areas where British colonial interests were involved. Increasingly the boundaries between British colonies and neighbouring colonies of other European nations were defined by treaty and drawn on a map to be preserved among the archives of the colonial powers concerned.

3) Architectural drawings: The National Archives holds a large number of architectural drawings particularly of public buildings and monuments. There are examples of almost every kind of building and structure erected during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. There are also drawings of structures such as bridges, piers, statues and railway signal boxes. For more information see: Architectural Drawings in The National Archives research guide and the House history resource on the website.

Link: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/maps/

Koblenz, Germany, 1834. MPHH 16 (23).

Koblenz, Germany, 1834. MPHH 16 (23).

Cartografía de Leonardo da Vinci en The Royal Collection, UK

Plano de Imola, Leonardo da Vinci, 1502. 44 x 60 cm. Royal Library, Windsor Castle

Plano de Imola, Leonardo da Vinci, 1502. 44 x 60 cm. Royal Library, Windsor Castle, Inv. 12.284

The Royal Collection a través de su catálogo multimedia e-Gallery on line, exhibe 266 trabajos de Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), elaborados a partir de 1475,  e incluye una temática amplia: pintura, botánica, anatomía, geometría, diseños de armas, escultura, meteorología, cartografía, entre otros. Los trabajos de cartografía incluyen diversas técnicas: planos geométricos, vistas a vuelo de pájaro, croquis. El plano de la ciudad Imola constituye el documento más interesante de esta colección. Levantado y dibujado en 1502, es considerado el más antiguo plano topográfico urbano, después de la Forma Urbis Romae. El dibujo fue realizado a pluma  y acuarela, a una escala de 1/ 43,000 aproximadamente, utilizando el sistema de radiación óptica.

Otros planos que pueden apreciarse en la e-Gallery en línea son: A map of central Italy (1502), A bird’s-eye map of western Tuscany (1503-04), A map of the valley of the Val di Chiana, Italy (1502), A scheme for a canal to bypass the Arno (1504), A bird’s-eye view of the plain of the Val di Chiana (1504), A map of the Arno Valley showing the proposed route of a canal (1502-04), A stretch of the river Arno (1504), A map of the Arno east of Florence

Website:http://www.royalcollection.org.uk/egallery/maker.asp?maker=12196&row=0

 

A bird's-eye map of western Tuscany (1503-04).

A bird's-eye map of western Tuscany (1503-04).

Catálogo del Jonathan Potter’s Gallery

Liber Chronicarum. H.Schedel, 1493

Liber Chronicarum. H.Schedel, 1493

Este website ofrece un magnífico catálogo en línea de piezas cartográficas, en diferentes formatos: mapas, cartas náuticas, planos, atlas, globos, así como referencias bibliográficas de cartografía histórica.  Ellos producen catálogos regulares, tanto impresos como on line. Ambos incluyen piezas originales que no se encuentran en museos, desde el siglo XVI en adelante. Ver: http://www.jpmaps.co.uk/

Anglie Provincia, 1493

Anglie Provincia, 1493

 El catálogo incluye una colección de planos topográficos, perspectivas, vistas panorámicas y en general, una amplia iconografía  de la ciudad de Londres y otras ciudades y villas inglesas entre 1493 y 1896.

Engelland, 1496

Engelland, 1496

 

Mostramos algunas imágenes de ciudades inglesas pertenecientes al siglo XV. Ver el catálago completo en: http://www.jpmaps.co.uk/maps/region.11

Anglie Provincia. H.Schedel, 1493

Anglie Provincia. H.Schedel, 1493

 

Colección Archival Maps

 

Plano de Jerusalén. Nicolás Visscher, 1660

Plano de Jerusalén. Nicolás Visscher, 1660

 

Se trata de una colección de mapas impresos, provenientes en su mayor parte de la Biblioteca del Congreso (Washington D.C.). Se han escaneado de este repositorio y luego se han impreso utilizando papel y tinta acordes con los estándares internacionales. El portal vende mapas en papel, en versión digital y en diferentes presentaciones. La colección incluye mapas urbanos de importantes ciudades antiguas alrededor del mundo, con amplio detalle y a color. Así también vistas panorámicas, del tipo “vuelo de pájaro” de ciudades de los Estados Unidos. Se trata de mapas antiguos no-fotográficos, representaciones oblicuas que muestran el trazado urbano, los edificios, calles y el paisaje circundante  en perspectiva. Junto a  mapas urbanos, también incluye mapas del Atlas de Orteluus, mapas de la guerra civil americana, mapas de Italia y el Mediterráneo, Irlanda, Mapas de la Colección de George Colton del siglo XIX, entre otros.

http://www.archivalmaps.com/

 

San Petesburgo, 1776

San Petesburgo, 1776

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